How Similar Was Life in Ancient Rome to Modern Cities?


Life in Ancient Rome was quite different from life in modern cities. However, the two societies did share some similarities. This article will explore how ancient Rome compared to modern cities in terms of government, economy, technology, social structure, language, and more.


Ancient Rome was ruled by a monarchy and later an oligarchy. The government was highly centralized and was made up of a Senate and other bodies such as the Plebeian Council. The Senate was made up of wealthy patricians and was responsible for making laws and decisions that affected the entire city. The Plebeian Council was made up of representatives from the lower classes and had much less power than the Senate.

Modern cities are usually governed by a mayor and city council. The mayor is elected by the people and is responsible for overseeing the city’s operations. The city council is made up of representatives from the different districts and is responsible for making laws and decisions that affect the entire city.


The Ancient Roman economy was largely based on agriculture. Farms were the main source of food and other goods. Wealthy patricians owned large estates and controlled much of the city’s wealth. Trade was also important in Ancient Rome, with goods being imported from other parts of the Roman Empire.

Modern cities have a much more diverse economy. They are usually hubs for business, finance, and technology. Many modern cities are also home to large corporations and industries. Trade is still important, but on a much larger scale with goods being imported and exported all over the world.


The Ancient Romans were quite advanced in terms of technology. They had developed a complex system of roads, aqueducts, and bridges. They had also developed sophisticated methods of surveying land and mapping. The Ancient Romans also had a developed system of medicine and public health.

Modern cities are even more advanced in terms of technology. Technological advancements in transportation, communication, medicine, and energy have made modern cities much more efficient and livable. Modern cities also have access to the internet, which has revolutionized the way people communicate and access information.

Social Structure

Ancient Rome was divided into a strict social structure. At the top was the wealthy patrician class, followed by the plebeian class, and then the slaves. The patrician class had most of the power and wealth, while the plebeian class and slaves had very little.

Modern cities are much more egalitarian. There is no strict social structure and people are free to pursue whatever lifestyle they choose. Of course, there is still a large gap between the wealthy and the poor, but in general, people are more free to pursue their dreams and goals.


Latin was the official language of Ancient Rome. Latin was used for all official documents and was the language of education. Other languages were spoken in the city, but Latin was the language of the upper classes.

Modern cities are much more diverse. English is usually the official language, but many other languages are spoken. People from all over the world bring their own languages and cultures, making modern cities truly multicultural.


The Ancient Romans were polytheistic and worshiped many gods. The state religion was the Cult of Jupiter, which was the highest and most important of the gods. The Romans also believed in superstition and the power of fate.

Modern cities have a much more diverse religious landscape. People are free to practice whatever religion they choose, and many different faiths are represented. Religion still plays an important role in many modern cities, but it is no longer the state religion.


The Ancient Romans were great builders and architects. They built many grand and impressive structures such as the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Forum. The Romans were also great engineers and built many bridges and aqueducts.

Modern cities are also full of impressive architecture. Skyscrapers, bridges, and public parks are just a few of the features that make modern cities so beautiful. Modern architects are also experimenting with new and innovative ways to build structures that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

Arts and Culture

The Ancient Romans had a vibrant culture. They enjoyed plays, music, and art. The Romans also had a great appreciation for literature. They wrote many works of poetry, philosophy, and history.

Modern cities also have a thriving culture. There are many theaters, museums, and galleries that showcase the work of local artists. Modern cities are also full of music, with many different genres being represented.


Life in Ancient Rome was quite different from life in modern cities. However, the two societies did share some similarities. Both societies were ruled by governments, had diverse economies, used technology to make their lives easier, and enjoyed arts and culture. While the two societies may have been different, they still had a lot in common.

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